The information cycle is the progression of media coverage of a newsworthy event. Understanding the information cycle can help you determine what kind of information you are likely to find about your topic. It can also help you refine your research topic; if your research question involves a topic that is too early in the information cycle, there may not be enough analysis of the event to provide evidence for an argument or commentary.
The video below explains the information cycle in more detail.
Can't change a rubric once you've started using it.